About the Sport
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This is full of information on the Sport from some great flyers in Australia.
Lots of good questions and many good answers. Amanda Smith did our Sport
good with these interviews.
National's The Sports Factor
The Mystery of the Racing Pigeon
The sport of pigeon racing is built around a central mystery: the
strange homing instinct of the pigeon. Nobody really knows for sure how or why
pigeons can be released hundreds of miles from their lofts, and will always try
to find their way home. But one thing's for sure, the sport wouldn't exist
unless they did.
Billed as Australia's most prestigious pigeon race, the MALLEE CLASSIC was held
last weekend. As the pigeons raced 500 ks from Cobar in New South Wales, to Sea
Lake in Victoria, nervous owners awaited their return. Amanda Smith spoke with a
number of them about their involvement in this sport, and their love of these
mysteriously motivated birds.
Details or Transcript:
Amanda Smith: This week The Sports Factor goes to the town of Sea Lake, in
north-west Victoria, for the Mallee Classic, billed as Australiaís most
prestigious pigeon race.
The sport of pigeon racing is built around a central mystery, the mystery of why
pigeons will always try to fly home. If pigeons didnít have this instinct to
home, pigeon racing wouldnít exist. But of course the sport is also based
around trying to breed for speed.
Tony Sofra: Yes, you do look for different characteristics that you like, like
wings and eyes, everyoneís got their theories on it, but you canít actually
see whatís in their brain or in their heart.
Sam Trewin: Caring about pigeons is like having to care for other people,
because they eat and they drink and they sleep.
Gerard Thorpe: Just seeing them come home, thatís a real thrill to know
theyíve done 300, 400, 500, 600 miles and theyíve come home back to you.
Frank Wooton: Well they come home virtually, theyíre all in one loft here, and
they come and they own about a foot square piece of territory in a cage, or in a
loft as we call it. And itís self-possession of that little perch and their
love for home. Itís hard to believe that they only come home for the little
piece of territory, but thatís just about what happens.
Amanda Smith: Well, the love of home might be what motivates a racing pigeon,
but how do they find their way, when theyíre released hundreds of kilometres
from home? How do they even know which direction to start flying in, and then
keep their bearings?
One theory is that pigeons use the earthís magnetic field. But Tony Sofra, a
pigeon racer from Shepparton in Victoria, thinks thereís more to it than that.
Tony Sofra: Personally, my own theory on it is that they use a number of
factors. I think that definitely they use the magnetic field of the earth, but
they also use the sun, they can use several ways I think of putting it all
together, because they can still pick their way home on a cloudy day, so sunís
not the main factor. Iíd say that on certain days they use one lot of factors,
and other days they use another set of areas to let them pick up their bearings
and get home. But one thingís for sure, that none of really know for certain
what gets them back, we just know that theyíre able to get back.
Amanda Smith: So, at seven oíclock last Sunday morning, an international field
of 454 pigeons was released from Cobar, in New South Wales, to race 500
kilometres back to their loft in Sea Lake, for the Mallee Classic. These pigeons
have been training for months; theyíve competed in a few warm-up events, but
today is the big one. First place in this race is worth $8,000. And nervous
owners, or flyers as theyíre called, spend the day hanging around the loft,
waiting for their pigeons, the ones who are actually doing the flying, to come
Frank Wootton: My nameís Frank Wootton, from Bundaberg in Queensland.
Amanda Smith: So youíve come all the way from Bundaberg for this Mallee
Classic race? Whyís is that?
Frank Wootton: Because itís one of the biggest pigeon races in Australia, and
Iíve got three birds in it, and my hope is that I honestly believe Iím going
to win a place, if not win the race.
Amanda Smith: So youíre very confident about the quality of your birds, Frank?
Frank Wootton: Yes, Iíve got very good birds, and over the years they have
proved themselves in top class company, and Iíve got one in here by the name
of Little Red, 2780 is his number, and I believe that he will be if not the
winning bird, heíll be in the leading pack.
Amanda Smith: How do you assess a bird of quality? How can you tell that a bird
is going to be a good racer?
Frank Wootton: Well first of all youíve got to have pedigrees and so forth to
go by, but performance is the one that tells all the way through. Youíve got
to have quality, not quantity and this little bird is bred in the purple.
Amanda Smith: What does that mean, Ďbred in the purpleí?
Frank Wootton: That means heís got a pedigree about a mile long and thereís
so many winners in his family that if he lets them down, heíd be a disgrace.
Amanda Smith: Can you tell a good bird by looking at it?
Frank Wootton: Usually you can tell a fit bird. They vary in all shapes and
sizes, but birds of medium build usually theyíre better than bigger birds. You
can usually pick healthy birds, they shine like a new two-bob, their eyes are
usually very bright and theyíre very alert. Theyíre not like a street
pigeon. A street pigeon runs around and it always looks dull, and always like it
could do with a good feed. But a very well bred bird always looks alert, and it
is such an exhilarating sport. You cannot believe the kick you get when you see
the birds coming home.
Amanda Smith: Now tell me about that, describe to me the feeling when you see
your birds coming home.
Frank Wootton: Well youíre looking at the sky just about endless hours, you
usually allow about 60 mile an hour for them to fly, and suddenly in the
distance youíll see a pack of sometimes 10, 15, maybe a couple of hundred
birds heading straight at you, and they are just a series of dots. Until you
realise this is them. The adrenaline starts pumping, you start calling them down
and you call them in like a dog, you whistle to them and subsequently they
respond, and there is no feeling in the world that can go anywhere near matching
it. And just to have one in the first lot, because they usually break into
groups, just to have one in that first pack gives you one good chance.
Amanda Smith: Well with this race today, from the dots in the sky that weíre
going to see at some point, as they start coming back, how soon are you going to
know if Little Red is up there in the front?
Frank Wootton: Well you can tell them by their colours, and Little Red, because
of his colour, when theyíre coming across itís very easy to pick him because
heís brown, or red as we call them, and it wonít be hard to pick him because
heíll be looking over his shoulder looking down and saying ĎThereís
that mongrel that sent me down here.í So by the same token, if he goes
along the way he should, he wonít be hard to pick, because if my judgement is
right, heíll be that far in front on his own, youíll only have to look for
Gwen Crawshaw: Iím Gwen Crawshaw, from Campbelltown in New South Wales.
Amanda Smith: How did you get involved in pigeon racing?
Gwen Crawshaw: Well about 32 years ago I met this young boy and he had pigeons
and itís just gone from there. Weíve both carried on with the sport. He was
a package deal, yes. (laughs)
Amanda Smith: And whatís attracted you to pigeon racing, to get involved with
your husband and to stay involved?
Gwen Crawshaw: Itís something a family can do together. You can all be
involved, you can include your kiddies, you can take them to the club, you do it
in your backyard, youíre not separated, so itís great in that respect. And
birds are wonderful things, you can teach your kiddies so much through them.
Amanda Smith: Such as?
Gwen Crawshaw: Well just the love of animals, the respect that you have for
them, how to treat animals, and it flows on from birds.
Amanda Smith: How involved have you got in the administration of pigeon racing,
that sort of thing?
Gwen Crawshaw: I started off at our local club level. I got involved there doing
a job called the race secretary, and my husband was our Federation
representative, and he would go along to the meetings there once a fortnight,
and over the top of our Federations there is the Australian Pigeon Fanciersí
Association, and I sort of headed in that direction. And I was asked if I would
stand to be one of the directors of which the men voted me in, and I was the
first woman voted in to be one of the nine directors, and Iíve been there now
for 12 years.
Amanda Smith: And what does that involve, Gwen?
Gwen Crawshaw: Going to meetings, the day-to-day running of the association, the
directors if there is a dispute with councils in our own council area, you go
along and you try and mediate with the councils for your flyer.
Amanda Smith: What sort of disputes?
Gwen Crawshaw: Basically neighbour disputes. A lot of people unfortunately
donít like pigeons, and you go along and you point out the good points and
that pigeons are really quite fun and healthy animals to have, and if you can
point that out to the councils as well as the neighbours, you usually have a
Amanda Smith: Now with pigeon racing, it seems to me that once the birds have
been released and youíre waiting for them to come back home, thereís rather
a lot of waiting around in this sport.
Gwen Crawshaw: There is a lot of waiting, but in a race like the Mallee, itís
when you get to meet flyers from all around Australia, and weíre lucky this
time to have flyers from overseas come in. So you meet up with old friends,
discuss different changes that have come along, and itís the friendship, you
meet some wonderful people in the hours that you wait.
Amanda Smith: Well one thing that happens to fill in time while all the flyers
are gathered at the loft, waiting for their pigeons to come home, is that they
hold a Calcutta Sweep.
Man 1: Rightoh, Group D consists of the Cairns pigeons, the Cessnock pigeons,
and the Corio pigeons, the birds thatís leading the averages, eleven birds
Man 2: Eleven in that group, pretty high class pigeons there as Barry said.
Been in the first 50 most of the races, OK? Weíve got 50 already. Any better
Amanda Smith: All the pigeons out there competing today have been put into
groups to be auctioned, and flyers bid to buy a group. If a pigeon in the group
that someone has bought in the Calcutta Sweep ends up winning the race, that
person scoops the pool.
Man 1: Hundred? Weíve got a hundred dollars anywhere? Going for 95, going
once, twice, 95!
Amanda Smith: Iím at the Mallee Classic Pigeon Race, in Sea Lake, a little
town with a population of 600, and named after a nearby salt basin, in
The founder and co-ordinator of the race is Barry Trewin. Now the Mallee Classic
is whatís known as a Ďone-loftí race. It works quite differently to the
usual pigeon racing club events, where the birds race back to their individual
ownersí lofts. Here, the pigeons have been living and training at the one
loft, under the care of Barry Trewin.
Barry Trewin: People from all over Australia and from international areas can
actually have pigeons sent to me, theyíre sent as young pigeons to the loft
here, and theyíre all raced on equal terms. Thereís no advantage given to
anyone entering, they all race equally so the best pigeons will actually come to
Amanda Smith: So what happens is that you get all these peopleís pigeons in
this loft here, which is in the old footy sheds in Sea Lake. This is the loft
that they call home, and for how long do you have them before the race?
Barry Trewin: I start receiving birds in November, and Iíll have some of the
birds from November right through until August or September, the day of the
Amanda Smith: And is that how long it takes for a pigeon to call a particular
Barry Trewin: No, it doesnít take that long, but what Iím trying to do is
get the birds a little bit more mature, so they can actually handle the
conditions of the racing because thereís stress and things like that involved
with pigeons. So to have an older bird is a lot better than racing younger ones.
Amanda Smith: Are there specialist racing pigeons, Barry, I mean are there some
pigeons who are sprint specialists and some who were distance specialists?
Barry Trewin: Yes there are, and what weíre finding with the race is the fact
that weíve got pigeons that are imported from Belgium, that are very fast
sprinting pigeons, as well as the Tasmanian pigeons, which are called the Tassie
Sprinters. They specialise in sprint racing. Then we have pigeons that have been
based on the old Australian bloodlines, which are better at tackling the harder
day racing, and can work their way home, maybe not as fast as the others, but
can pace themselves. So they do very well at the distance. So thereís quite a
difference in the pigeons and Iím now finding that owners are sending half and
half to hedge their bets, so to speak, if they get a fast race, theyíve got
their faster birds there, and if itís a slower type race, with a bit of wind
theyíll have their harder day pigeons there to handle that type of thing.
Amanda Smith: What do you find attractive and of interest with pigeon racing?
Barry Trewin: Iím fascinated with the ability of the pigeons to be taken to an
area and then released and to fly home, and since taking on the race Iíve met
so many different people and talked with people from overseas, itís created
quite more of an interest to find out more and more about the pigeons, on the
motivation and the different breeding, and also Iím very interested in the
different coloured racing pigeons, and Iíve got quite a number of different
coloured ones myself, and hope to work on their genetics and that later on. So
Iíve just been quite fascinated on their ability to find their way home.
Amanda Smith: And like father, like son. Sam Trewin is the race co-ordinator
Barryís 8-year-old son. Samís a keen flyer, and helped his Dad build the big
loft in Sea Lake, for the Mallee Classic.
Sam Trewin: The first time when we saw the football oval, it had this shed, so
Dad thought if we made up this special race everyone could join in. We built the
loft out of old pieces of wood that we found, and we needed more space for some
new birds, so we built a new loft. It took us only 11 months to finish both.
When it was actually made there was heaps of people helping, because they all
wanted to join the race.
Amanda Smith: And these are the old changing rooms for the footy club, are they?
Sam Trewin: Yes.
Amanda Smith: And why is this a good place for a loft?
Sam Trewin: Because itís got more space and itís in the open so they can
just circle round in the oval plus they can land in there.
Amanda Smith: How many of your own pigeons have you got?
Sam Trewin: I would have to say around about ten.
Amanda Smith: Do you know them all individually?
Sam Trewin: I only know them if I can tell them apart, because a few of them
look exactly the same, but I find their differences.
Amanda Smith: Got any in this race?
Sam Trewin: Three.
Amanda Smith: And what are your expectations of how theyíre going to do?
Sam Trewin: I hope if I get in the first three, Iíll be glad with them. But
last time I had raced, I got third and Iíd like to achieve a second for once.
Amanda Smith: Do you give them names?
Sam Trewin: Yes.
Amanda Smith: What names have you got flying today?
Sam Trewin: Iíve got Blueberry, Blacktail and Over Sea.
Amanda Smith: And which one of those do you reckonís the best?
Sam Trewin: Over Sea.
Amanda Smith: Why?
Sam Trewin: Because itís from Thailand and they have to fly around lots of
times, and the one Over Sea is pretty good.
Amanda Smith: Is it called Over Sea because itís from Thailand?
Sam Trewin: Yes.
Amanda Smith: And there seems to be a lot to know about pigeon racing and
looking after pigeons, do you know very much about it?
Sam Trewin: Caring about pigeons is like having to care for other people,
because they eat and they drink and they sleep. So if you wake them up in the
middle of the night, they can hardly go back to sleep. And they need a clean
floor, so they donít get any poo in their ring, because if they do their foot
gets swollen, and it hurts. So my Dad would always go down and he would see if
any of the birds are OK, and if theyíre not he would see if he could treat
them. Normally you can do it.
Amanda Smith: And Sam, do you reckon youíll stay in pigeon racing for a long
Sam Trewin: Yes, because I like the sport and itís very fun to do.
Amanda Smith: Well this all sounds very wholesome, but there is a dark side to
pigeon racing. Mallee Classic race co-ordinator, Barry Trewin says that like so
many sports these days, pigeon racing has had to deal with the issue of
performance enhancing drugs.
Barry Trewin: People have tried to use those things, but what happens to the
pigeons in the end is they destroy the birds, and itís not worth dabbling in
that type of thing. Itís basically only people who feel that they need to use
those things to enhance their pigeons because theyíre not good enough to win.
People should actually look at obtaining the better quality pigeons, thatís
why this race has been actually set up. People can actually put their pigeons
here and compare how their pigeons race against everyone from around the country
on equal terms. So itís not like someoneís using steroids here, because I do
have a vet, but the birds have stress medication, and vitamins, and itís
probably like a five star motel for them, this loft, but we donít use any of
those type of things, because at the end of the day these pigeons can be taken
home and bred off, and totally against that type of use of drugs.
Amanda Smith: What sort of drug is a pigeon given and how is it given to the
Barry Trewin: The main drug that they would try and use would be the cortisone,
and they would administrate that by putting drops in the pigeonís eyes, and it
makes the young pigeons fly harder and faster, but at the end of one season,
those pigeons will be no good for racing or breeding ever again, so itís quite
cruel to do that type of thing. And thereís other ways to get your pigeons to
race faster, which is what I was discussing before with motivation, because
thatís more of a natural thing to use with the pigeons, to just motivate them
to come home to their home. And if you look after the pigeons and develop a love
for their home, I think a person would do a lot better.
Amanda Smith: But itís not illegal in the way that it might be in other
Barry Trewin: Yes, it is. Itís very heavily been used in Europe and theyíve
really cut down and cracked down on the people. I would hate to think that
itís been used in Australia, but thereís obviously people that would go to
that extent to try and win. So, well theyíre entering it into association
rules and things like that now, to have birds tested where they feel that the
people may be using enhancing drugs to better their performances.
Luke Jarvis: Iím Luke Jarvis, from Ballarat.
Amanda Smith: How old are you, Luke?
Luke Jarvis: Nine.
Amanda Smith: And youíre a pigeon racer?
Luke Jarvis: Yes.
Amanda Smith: And how did you get into it?
Luke Jarvis: Well my Dad first started, because his brother got him into it, so
I always thought that I might start racing pigeons as well.
Amanda Smith: And what does it involve?
Luke Jarvis: You let them out for a flight nearly every day and every now and
then you take them out for a toss, and thatís about it.
Amanda Smith: Do you get to know your pigeons personally?
Luke Jarvis: Yes, because I always ask my Dad what they are, like are they hens
or are they cocks, or are they pies or something like that.
Amanda Smith: Are there other sports youíre involved in, or is this your
Luke Jarvis: Iím involved in other sports, like basketball, and footie.
Amanda Smith: And whatís different or special about pigeon racing, compared to
basketball or footie?
Luke Jarvis: Well itís to help something else get fit and not let them get
extinct, so you breed the pigeons so they donít come to extinction, and you
donít really have to do what the pigeon does.
Amanda Smith: Which today is to fly 500 Ks into the wind and rain.
Well now, do these mysteriously motivated pigeons know when theyíre in a race
for home, as opposed to when theyíre let out to have a little training fly?
Frank Wootton, from Bundaberg, believes pigeons do know when theyíre racing.
Frank Wootton: Basically, yes, because they are schooled up for this and they
are trained accordingly, and they start with shorter points and then they go
through to further points, and they keep increasing the distance, and if those
birds, they know, they get hyped up, and they know when youíre in there
catching them to send them away, they know, theyíve got a brain, only about as
big as a pea, but theyíve got more commonsense than most humans. So thatís
just how it goes. And the remarkable feats they do, to be taken 300 miles away
from home, thrown out with no navigation maps or anything else, and to fly home
at about 50 to 60 miles an hour, is a pretty remarkable achievement. And itís
not many human beings can do that. Take them out in the bush youíll get lost
as easy as hell.
Amanda Smith: And how much time do you spend with your pigeons, Frank?
Frank Wootton: Well basically itís a full-time hobby. Youíre there every day
with them and youíre usually in the loft an hour, an hour-and-a-half every
day. But they get to know you, they know everywhere youíre going to move and
everything else, and if youíre hard on them, or if youíre nasty to them
theyíll be nasty to you, they just wonít turn up when you think they are.
But theyíre like ladies, if you treat them nice theyíll do everything nice
for you. And thatís the name of the game, is itís the bond and the
understanding between them that creates all this interest in it, and the birds
just love coming home because theyíve got a good home to come to and theyíre
happy at home. The ones that donít come home are usually the unhappy ones,
thatís why they donít come home.
Amanda Smith: So some donít come home? What happens to them?
Frank Wootton: Well you donít know exactly what happens to them. Some of them
are just not good enough, some fall by the way, or sometimes they just get lost
and they just donít know where they are. What happens to them after that,
nobody really knows. But it is unfortunate that there is a percentage, itís
only a small percentage, but weíd all like to think they all come home. But if
they all came home, we wouldnít have to breed any new ones for next year. So
youíve got to say Well itís a Catch-22 situation: do you want some new
babies that are going to look better than last yearís, or theyíre going to
be better. Or are you going to keep going with the ones you had all the time? So
youíve got to fill the gaps, and itís the law of nature you know, thereís
a few predators out there might get into them, but they only get a few. But by
the same token youíve got to aim for what youíre trying to achieve, and
thatís to have good ones, and birds thatíll come home and that are happy to
Amanda Smith: And when the pigeons do come home, how is their race time clocked
and registered? At the Mallee Classic, Barry Trewin has put a pretty high-tech
set-up into place.
Barry Trewin: Iíve actually had to do a lot of research on the equipment to
use for this. Because thereís a lot of international interest and from Day 1 I
wanted to run the event as professionally as I could, Iíve obtained electronic
clocking systems from Germany, a proper system for this type of racing which is
not available in Australia, so the company set them out from Germany three weeks
ago, and the system itself is worth $10,000, and to explain it simply it works
like the barcode system at the supermarket. The pigeon actually has a special
life-ring that they put on when theyíre only babies, so thatís their
identification for life, and when they come to the loft here and are ready to
race, they have an electronic ring, which is also attached and registered
through the computer. When the pigeons come home, they run through a halter into
the loft at what we call a trap, but itís not a trap as such, they just enter
through that entrance and they run across a plate, which records the ring, so
itís like a scanner at the supermarket and itís all done computerised so it
takes out any human error, and it declares a winner down to 1 hundredth of a
second, so if youíre going to run something professionally, you need that type
Amanda Smith: And thatís as opposed to a kind of manual clocking system that
would have been used in the past, or is probably still used quite a bit, yes?
Barry Trewin: Most flyers in their areas have what we call an old manual
clocking system where you actually have to physically catch the pigeon and take
a race rubber off the pigeonís leg and place it in the clock and then hit the
clock off to register the pigeon being home. With this system that Iíve got
here, the pigeons do not get caught, they can enter the loft and theyíre just
clocked straight to the computer, so less stress on the pigeon at the end of the
day and itís a lot more professional. Thereís no time taken the pigeon is
recorded as soon as itís entering the loft, so itís a lot better.
Amanda Smith: Now, as weíve heard, the Mallee Classic is a special, one-loft
race, which means the pigeons are all flying back to the same place where
theyíve been living and training for the past nine months. But how do other
races work, the ones where the birds are all flying back to different lofts,
since the backyard lofts of their owners, are all going to be a different
distance from the race start point? Gwen Crawshaw, from the Australian Pigeon
Gwen Crawshaw: Well, theyíre our club races and Federation races. Everybody,
all the flyers, have a timing device, whether itís the manual clock or the
computer clock, and you are surveyed by a registered surveyor, and they tell you
your distance in metres and part metres, and you multiply the distance the air
miles you fly to the time in minutes that you have flown, and the fastest
velocity is the winner of that race.
Amanda Smith: Right, so itís adjusted for the slight differences in distance
from the release point to the various lofts that the birds in a particular club
are flying to, is adjusted, so that it all works out?
Gwen Crawshaw: Itís all worked out, yes, and the men are very particular that
thereís a set formula to work it out and naturally the fastest velocity wins,
that you can be say 50 kilometres shorter and still win because youíre
adjusted time is the fastest.
Amanda Smith: Well with this race Gwen, today, what will happen to your bird
after the race? Because you either have to leave it here, because this is its
home, or what happens? Iím not clear on what happens there?
Gwen Crawshaw: Well with us, if our bird, well hopefully our bird will get home
today, we will take it back to Campbelltown and we will use it as a stock bird.
Itís proven itself in a big loft race like this one, and weíll take it home
and breed for future years from it.
Amanda Smith: How do you stop it from wanting to home back to this loft?
Gwen Crawshaw: You donít let it out of your loft, it stays in what we call our
Amanda Smith: So that means it doesnít get to fly at all again?
Gwen Crawshaw: Unfortunately no, but these stock cages, theyíre fairly big
compartments that they fly around inside, theyíre not in tiny wee little
budgie cages, they are in a decent sized aviary for the want of a better word.
Amanda Smith: But I guess it means that they donít race again, so in effect
this is to compete in a one-loft race like this Mallee Classic is the only
racing a bird does.
Gwen Crawshaw: These particular birds, yes, itís the only race they do.
Amanda Smith: Thatís interesting, because I would have thought that if you had
a good bird that raced well in this race, youíd want to race it again, but you
Gwen Crawshaw: No, you canít unfortunately, itís the only drawback on this
race, but if youíve managed to get a bird home, itís worthy of your stock
loft. So itís earned its place.
Amanda Smith: Because it means youíre going to get good birds from it?
Gwen Crawshaw: Thatís right, yes, itís earned its place in its stock loft,
and it will breed babies for future races to win.
Amanda Smith: But by nightfall last Sunday, there was still no sign of any
pigeons coming home. Some heavy weather had set in; and the most robust of the
competitors didnít appear until the next morning, flying in through the rain.
Alas Frank Woottonís ĎLittle Redí, wasnít among them, nor were Gwen
Crawshawís or young Sam Trewinís pigeons. First and third places went to
entrants from Thailand, and second place went to a Melbourne entrant. So, for
all the other owners, itís back to their own lofts, to try breeding a new
pigeon, that might win them next yearís Mallee Classic.
And thatís The Sports Factor. Michael Shirrefs is the producer. Iím Amanda